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ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2023

Friday, October 27, 2023
From: Shanghai, People's Republic of China

ShanghaiRanking Consultancy is proudly announcing the Global Ranking of Academic Subjects (GRAS) 2023, representing the most comprehensive and objective ranking of world universities by subjects. This year league table contains rankings of universities in 55 subjects across Natural Sciences, Engineering, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, and Social Sciences. More than 1,900 out of 5,000 universities across 104 countries and regions are finally listed in the rankings.


The top one universities ranked in each subject are shown in the table below. Universities from the United States cement their top positions in 30 subjects. Harvard University leads the best performing institution, taking 11 crowns, 4 of which are from Medical Sciences, 3 from Engineering, 3 from Social Sciences, and 1 from Life Sciences. MIT tops in 5 subjects, 4 of which are engineering subjects and one of which is natural science subject. University of Michigan-Ann Arbor and University of Chicago from the United States as well as The Hong Kong Polytechnic University from China-Hong Kong have 2 subjects ranked No. 1 in the world.

The Top One Universities in 55 Subject Rankings


By counting the number of times of all subjects appear in the league table, the corresponding universities from the United States appear 4318 times, followed by Chinese universities (3390 times) and universities from the United Kingdom (1564 times). Zhejiang University, National University of Singapore, Sun Yat-sen University, University of British Columbia and The University of Melbourne are presented in the league table in more than 50 subjects.

The Rankings use a range of objective academic indicators and third-party data to measure the performance of world universities in relevant subjects, including international academic awards, top academic achievements, research quality, and international collaboration. In GRAS 2023, the index of international academic awards is based on Academic Excellence Survey (AES) conducted by ShanghaiRanking. Until April 2023, 1447 professors from top world universities have participated in the survey. They are from 122 universities and 21 countries/regions, covering 64 subjects. Their responses have revealed 121 top journals in 43 subjects, 36 top awards in 29 subjects, and 31 top conferences for Computer Science & Engineering. We want to express our great gratitude to the scholars who have completed the survey for their significant contribution to building the criteria of academic excellence.

2023 ShanghaiRanking’s Global Ranking of Academic Subjects — Ranking Indicators

Indicator Definition
Q1 The number of papers published in Q1 Journal Impact Factor Quartile in an Academic Subject
CNCI Category Normalized Citation Impact from InCites to measure the average impact of papers published by an institution in an Academic Subject
IC The percentage of internationally co-authored papers published by an institution in an Academic Subject
Top The number of papers published in top journals and conferences in an Academic Subject
Award The total number of the staff of an institution winning a significant award in an Academic Subject

The detailed methodology and full results of ShanghaiRanking’s Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2023 can be viewed on our official website

ShanghaiRanking Consultancy: ShanghaiRanking Consultancy is a fully independent organization dedicating to research on higher education intelligence and consultation. It has been the official publisher of the Academic Ranking of World Universities since 2009.


Contact us at for queries about the ranking details.