Methodology for ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Sport Science Schools and Departments 2023

1. Selection of Universities

Candidate universities are selected based on two criteria. First, the candidate should either be a sports university or have sport-related unit(s). Second, the sports university or sport-related unit(s) should have published a certain number of papers recorded in the Web of Science for the past five years (actively engaging in research). In total, 460 universities with their 523 sport-related units are selected and ranked.

2. Indicators and Weights

Universities are ranked by several indicators of academic or research performance, including papers indexed in Web of Science, total citations, citations per paper, papers published in the top 25% journals, and the percentage of internationally collaborated papers. For each indicator, the highest scoring institution is assigned a score of 100, and other institutions are calculated as a percentage of the top score. Scores for each indicator are weighted as shown below to arrive at a final overall score for an institution.

In calculating the CPP score, the maximum CPP value is set as twice the average CPP for all institutions. If an institution’s CPP is higher than the maximum value, its score on CPP will be assigned as 100.

Criteria Indicator Code Weight
Research Output Papers indexed in Web of Science PUB 10%
Research Quality Citations to papers CIT 20%
Citations per paper CPP 30%
Papers published in the top 25% journals TOP 30%
International Collaboration Percentage of papers with international co-authorship IC 10%
Total 100%

3. Definition of Indicators

Indicators Definition
PUB PUB refers to the total number of papers indexed in the Web of Science between 2018 and 2022. Both 'Article' and ‘Review’ typed publications are considered.
CIT CIT refers to the total number of citations received between 2018 and 2022 to papers published by an institution between 2018 and 2022.
CPP CPP is citations per paper between 2018 and 2022 and the average number of CPP is used for the ranking.
TOP TOP is the number of papers published in the top 25% of journals between 2018 and 2022. The top 25% of journals have an impact factor in the top 25% of the Journal Citation Report, 2022.
IC IC refers to the percentage of internationally collaborated papers to all papers between 2018 and 2022.
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